Sunday, 31 March 2013

50 years photographing the moon

In year 2009 marks half a century from the time when humans began a detailed study of the Moon. For long 50 years, many different countries, a large number of research programs. In this collection you will find pictures of the lunar surface made since 1959 and are listed in chronological order.

1. Detailed exploration of the Moon - the only natural satellite of the Earth - began in 1959, when the Soviet Union launched his ship "Moon 1". Their example was quickly followed by NASA. Since then, the Europeans, Japan, China and India have launched their research programs at the moon. In this picture shows the moon as seen from the International Space Station. We offer you 11 more shots of the moon, made over the last 50 years. (NASA)


2. In October 1959, the Soviet spacecraft "Luna 3" - the third successfully launched to the moon - made history as the first attempt to capture the reverse side of the moon. The photos were captured and dried on the ship, and then returned to Earth. Though quite blurred by today's standards, these pictures show a sharp contrast to the hidden side of the moon away from that which is visible from the Earth, including the relatively dark areas, called lunar maria.(RSA via NASA)


3. In 1966 and 1967, NASA launched a series of satellites into space to gather detailed images of the lunar surface before running the Apollo. Then, your pictures have combined in the archive. Decades later, researchers from the project to restore the images gathered the necessary equipment to be able to see the pictures again. This image has been digitized, displaying images in a much higher resolution than previously possible. November 11, 2008, researchers project released an improved picture of the Earth rising above the lunar surface, originally made by the ship "Moon satellite 1" in 1966. (LOIRP / NASA)


4. On Christmas Eve 1968 the Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders made history as the first people traversing the orbit of the moon. They are scouting the best places to land future missions. But the view of the Earth rising over the horizon of the moon, and drew their attention. This photo is called "Sunrise Earth" - one of the most famous ever made from the moon. (NASA)


5. July 20, 1969, around 1 billion people around the world were glued to their TV sets to watch the astronaut Neil Armstrong - captain Apollo 1 - down from the unit of his ship for the first time to walk on the lunar surface. Referring to the lunar surface, he uttered his famous phrase: "It's a small step for a man and a huge - for all humanity." This image - a black and white reproduction of a TV broadcast, during which Armstrong down with his ship. (NASA Johnson Space Center)


6. Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin (pictured) accompanied Armstrong's famous walk on the moon. This iconic image - one of several on which you can see how Armstrong is on the moon (in this case, the reflection from the outer space suit costume Aldrin). Astronauts on the moon approximately 2.5 hours. (NASA)


7. This image mosaic of the southern polar region of the Moon, made spaceship "Clementine" in 1994, enables us to form a theory that has accumulated in the crater glacier water, which the sun never shone. This water could remain from passing comets. Since this discovery, the scientists argue about the origin of the ice water. The current era of lunar exploration could end this debate. If glacier water does exist, it would quench future human colonies on the moon and used as fuel for rockets. (NASA / JPL / USGS)


8. September 3, 2006 the ship of the European Space Agency "SMART-1" crashed during a planned crash on the volcanic plain called the Lake of Excellence.This image was made with a telescope Canada - France - Hawaii. (The black lines are the result of the fault of the brightness due to the explosion). The ship was launched in 2003 to test the system of ion rocket engine that uses the sun's energy to produce a stream of charged particles. This slowly but surely, the system can be used in future interplanetary missions. (Christian Veillet / CFHT via AP)


9. China has made its first major step in the study of the Moon with the launch of the ship "Chang'e-1" in October 2007. Orbital space vehicle was launched into space to make a detailed three-dimensional map of the lunar surface. Premier Wen Jiabao opens the first shot at a ceremony in Beijing. The mission of "Chang'e 1", which lasted 16 months, over a planned explosion. It is reported that China is planning to launch a lunar satellite in 2010 and 2017, and the mission with the participation of people in 2020. (Huang Jingwen / XINHUA NEWS AGENCY)


10. Indian space organization has successfully launched its ship "Chandrayaan 1" October 22, 2008, to examine the moon. This picture was taken of the lunar surface probe, released from the main spacecraft during its planned crash on the South Pole. Indian space agency plans to use these and other data in its lunar mission in 2011, and the final mission with the people. (ISRO via EPA)


11. Some fans eclipses travel the world to capture footage of the Sun, Earth and Moon. Japanese probe "Kaguya" beat them, in this picture shows the sequence of the eclipse February 10, 2009 from lunar orbit. This image shows the view of the sun from the moon, the Earth is almost hidden. The bottom part of the "Ring" is dark because the dark limb of the moon. Satellite "Kaguya" was launched in September 2007 to study the origin and evolution of the moon. In June 2009, the satellite was specially laid on the surface of the moon. (JAXA / NHK)


12. June 18, 2009 NASA launched two spacecraft to the moon to explore its surface in detail, explore the most suitable place to land and launch a probe into the darkened crater in hopes once and for all resolve the controversy over whether there is in these regions, glacial water. Lunar orbiter NASA (LRO) will bypass the two poles of the moon for a year, and its mission can serve for future landings on the moon. This is one of the first pictures, sent from the ship."The younger brother» LRO - probe LCROSS - to get to the south pole of the moon in October. (NASA / GSFC / ASU)


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